What You Should Know Know About Cataract Surgery
Cataracts are a disease of the eye that results in the clouding of the eyeball's lens. Cataracts prevent clear images from appearing on the eye’s retina, causing mild, moderate, or even severe blurred vision.
Typically an eye disorder associated with aging (over half of the people in America over age 80 have either had a cataract or cataract surgery), cataracts generally occur later in life as the lens structure within the human eye changes and gets older.
During the evaluation of your eye health, we will carefully examine your lens for signs of cataract formation. If a cataract is noticed and the clouding is causing visual disruption, the optometrist will refer you to a trusted and respected surgeon for surgery, the only known cure for cataracts. Ultimate Eyecare will be there for you, providing pre and post-cataract surgery care.
Because ocular surface diseases such as dry eye can affect your outcome after cataract or refractive surgery, it is important to "get your eyes ready for surgery". Take our dry eye quiz and contact our office for an expert consultation before surgery.
Cataract surgery is the removal of the eye's natural lens (also called “crystalline lens”) that has developed an opacification, referred to as a cataract. Metabolic changes of the crystalline lens fibers over time lead to the development of the cataract and loss of transparency, causing impairment or loss of vision. During cataract surgery, a patient’s cloudy natural lens is removed and replaced with a synthetic lens to restore the lens’s transparency.
Following surgical removal of the natural lens, an artificial intraocular lens implant is inserted (eye surgeons say that the lens is “implanted”). Cataract surgery is generally performed by an ophthalmologist (eye surgeon) in an ambulatory (rather than inpatient) setting, in a surgical center or hospital, using local anesthesia (either topical, peribulbar or retrobulbar), usually causing little or no discomfort to the patient. Well over 90% of operations successfully restore helpful vision, with a low complication rate. Day care, high volume, minimally invasive, small incision phacoemulsification with quick post-op recovery has become the standard of care in cataract surgery worldwide.
The more you know about cataracts, the better prepared you will be to deal with them – or help prevent them in the first place!